A short history of ethics essay
A short history of ethics pdf
A second theme that runs through MacIntyre's work is less widely appreciated. Another textbook that tried to span issues in computer ethics and ethical issues in information management systems, with some treatment of library issues, was the Ethics of information management, 9 by Richard O. But it is not so clear to me that an idea of the aims of the discipline is so important, or that it will necessarily determine one's approach to the history of the discipline. The most interesting chapters have to do with the differences between Aristotle and some of his Renaissance and modern followers, the nature of the prohibition against lying, and the contemporary fascination with moral dilemmas. If Schneewind simply intends to stipulate a sense for 'historical' here, without reference to the practice of historians, his point is more trivial than he seems to intend. In Schneewind's view, moral philosophy was alive, but imprisoned by the theologians, until Grotius released it Invention It explains why his turn to Aristotle and Aquinas has taken the form of an appeal to the idea of "tradition" that has no real parallel in their own thought. At the dawn of the 21st century, then, computer ethics thinkers have offered the world two very different views of the likely ethical relevance of computer technology. Google Scholar Copyright information. Johnson's Computer ethics. Google Scholar 5. In this essay, MacIntyre sets about drawing some broad epistemological lessons from the writings of Thomas Kuhn and Imre Lakatos. Grotius was the starting-point for Pufendorf's reflexions on natural law, and Pufendorf 'raised questions that Kant eventually thought he had to answer' Download preview PDF. Copleston, Thomas Aquinas, Ch.
In the process of showing this evolution, several bibliographic references will be highlighted, although given the brevity of this article, the set of references provided is in not intended to be comprehensive. That would also include the feminist perspective that has long been ignored or undervalidated in both Western and Eastern cultures.
Should we, for instance, regard the French Revolution as a case of 'coping' and 'managing' perhaps by managing to get the king out of the wayor as a sign of 'failure to cope'? On both scores, therefore, we happen upon what appears to be a moral dilemma only because of some moral imperfection in ourselves, and not because moral demands can objectively conflict.
It will be global in a spatial sense, since it will encompass the entire Globe.
Ethical issues in history
These sorts of questions have arisen about efforts to offer a functionalist and relativist account of morality. Deborah G. With the advent of the world wide web, publishing has become quick and easy and so issues of credibility that used to be different for journalists and librarians now have become a common concern, e. James H. In the United States the field of information ethics has had a year evolving history, pulling together strands from librarianship at first and then from computer ethics. Second Edition Certain modern theories may lead to such dilemmas, but not his beloved Thomistic Aristotelianism. He perceptively foresaw revolutionary social and ethical consequences. The Future of Computer Ethics? Preview Unable to display preview. One way to admit the existence of moral dilemmas and yet prevent this sort of inconsistency is to give up the "rule of agglomeration" which holds that if one ought to do A and one ought to do B, then one ought to do both A and B. Having long recognized the way moral self-understanding is always historically situated, he now had the means to prevent this recognition from slipping, as it can easily do, into skepticism or cultural relativism. But the historical conclusions are not used to cast any doubt on the timeless philosophical significance of Sidgwick's utilitarianism.
In the United States the field of information ethics has had a year evolving history, pulling together strands from librarianship at first and then from computer ethics. When courses solely devoted to ethics emerged in America, they tended to move away from a sole concern of ethical issues in librarianship to a broader concern of ethical issues in information science, information technology and information in society.
Irwin, University of Oxford Readers of Jerome Schneewind's major works on the history of moral philosophy will be pleased to see this selection from his essays.
Similarly, it is difficult to see why we cannot legitimately attribute an achievement to past philosophers who did not consciously aim at achieving that result.
But it is not obvious that one can dispose of every sort of moral dilemma in this fashion. Cyberethics, a particular branch of computer ethics, has also emerged as an area of ethical concern. The ACM appointed Parker to head a committee to create such a code, which was adopted by that professional organization in It does not follow, however, that he did not achieve these results.
In The Morality of Self-interest. Hence, when we are talking about computer ethics, we are talking about the emerging global ethic.
based on 62 review