An overview of angina pectoris

Besides physical activity, other factors such as emotional stress, cold temperatures, heavy meals and smoking also can narrow arteries and trigger angina.

Unstable angina

X-ray images are taken to see the narrowing, blockages, and other problems of certain arteries. Nitroglycerin relaxes the coronary arteries and other blood vessels, reducing the amount of blood that returns to the heart and easing the heart's workload. Breathing and blood pressure rates are also watched. It happens when you are resting. An inactive lifestyle contributes to high cholesterol, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and obesity. Am J Cardiol. It will also depend on how severe the condition is. Call or emergency medical help.

The management of patients with angina has not only evolved to the holistic consideration of health status but also to evaluation of clinical performance criteria.

This lets more blood flow to your heart muscle. If you experience chest discomfort, be sure and visit your doctor for a complete evaluation and, possibly, tests.

Angina pectoris pdf

An exercise treadmill test only uses an ECG to evaluate for ischemia. Chewing tobacco, smoking and long-term exposure to secondhand smoke damage the interior walls of arteries — including arteries to your heart — allowing deposits of cholesterol to collect and block blood flow. Am Heart J. Cholesterol is a major part of the deposits that can narrow arteries throughout your body, including those that supply your heart. These objectives can be achieved with medical therapy, rehabilitation and support services, and possibly revascularisation procedures, including percutaneous coronary intervention PCI and coronary artery bypass grafting CABG. Or it may be done to find safe levels of exercise after a heart attack or heart surgery. High blood pressure. This test records the electrical activity of the heart. The most common is nitroglycerin. Emotional stress, smoking and use of the illegal drug cocaine may trigger this type of angina. Sublingual nitrate therapy is used for the short-term control of angina.

What are possible complications of angina pectoris? Clinical registry data demonstrate that patients undergoing coronary angiography for the investigation of angina have similarly impaired health status regardless of whether obstructive or non-obstructive CAD is revealed [21].

angina pectoris pathophysiology

An inactive lifestyle contributes to high cholesterol, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and obesity. Thus, the simple enquiry of how often a patient experiences chest pain provides useful insights into the impact of angina on health status.

Sublingual nitrate therapy is used for the short-term control of angina.

angina causes

The range of health status domains in coronary artery disease: symptoms, function, and quality of life. Call or emergency medical help. Complications The chest pain that occurs with angina can make doing some normal activities, such as walking, uncomfortable.

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Angina Pectoris (Stable Angina)