Our data show that descriptor no. Of the other 19 descriptors, 13 come from the teaching or the test syllabus, and 6 from teacher contribution during the focus group discussion.
Examining these two descriptors with relation to our classroom teaching practice, we found that English majors seldom write diaries nowadays and nor do they have the opportunity to write introductions to scenic spots.
In order to testify the validity of our categorization, more evidence was needed to triangulate the existing data. You will not be able to effectively work in these languages, and including them on your CV makes you look less serious.
The difficulty value of the two tasks could be due to the fact that they are less frequently used and practiced in our writing classes, so that teachers are less familiar with the format and deem them difficult.
One exception is the EFSET, an open-access online English test that has been developed to the same high standards as other major tests. Sixteen descriptors have logit values between 0 and 1 30, 29, 17, 27, 26, 28, 35, 4, 15, 1, 3, 23, 14, 25, 5, and 2.
When all the descriptors were calibrated to estimated difficulties on a common logit scale as we had done in stage 3, the next step was to decide on the number of levels, or rather how to set the cut-off points on the scale. What is intended is to characterise the degree of precision, appropriateness and ease with the language which typifies the speech of those who have been highly successful learners.
Here are some examples. Use the self-assessment tools to determine your level in each language you speak.