Compare and contrast ancient civilizations lands surroundi

Compare and contrast mesopotamia and egypt prezi

As early as the Naqada I Period, predynastic Egyptians imported obsidian from Ethiopia , used to shape blades and other objects from flakes. What were the underlying principles of Hammurabi 's code of laws and what does the law code tell us about the kind of society that existed in Mesopotamia at the time? The Egyptian civilization, for years, maintained unity and independence, with occasional interruptions. Many peoples, like the Akkadians, Babylonians, and the Assyrians, later came to power, creating larger territorial states and bureaucratic empires. That task fell to Kamose's successor, Ahmose I , who successfully waged a series of campaigns that permanently eradicated the Hyksos' presence in Egypt. Initially, the military was able to repel these invasions, but Egypt eventually lost control of its remaining territories in southern Canaan , much of it falling to the Assyrians. The Nile provided a communication and trade route across a huge and harsh land. He began his official history with the king named "Meni" or Menes in Greek who was believed to have united the two kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt. A stone statue of Hatshepsut Between their reigns, Hatshepsut , a queen who established herself as pharaoh, launched many building projects, including restoration of temples damaged by the Hyksos, and sent trading expeditions to Punt and the Sinai. These writings are a precious record of this culture and language. Egypt and Mesopotamia both created their own form of writing.

E and in China, the Zhou dynasty has recently prevailed over the largely successful Shang Empire. Another natural boundary, the Red Sea, extends roughly parallel to the Nile lies to the East. For example, they also believed in war gods like the one below.

Compare and contrast two civilizations

This style was found in eastern Greece and the islands. Libyan control began to erode as a rival dynasty in the delta arose in Leontopolis , and Kushites threatened from the south. Ivory and gold was used to decorate buildings in Swahili coastal towns. The earliest inhabitants of this region were Stone-Age hunter-gatherers who found the area rich in wildlife. Over time, the region was invaded repeatedly, producing a variety of cultural patterns. The civilisation of Nubia King Sabacus. Hunting would have been common for Egyptians, and this is also the period when many animals were first domesticated. Religion was organised by powerful priests. The ruling group was able to use these people on massive building projects. Ancient Egyptian religion remained mostly the same over thousands of years. I chose this particular question because during my junior year I took and AP World History class in which we of course studied the worlds history. Just years earlier in approximately B.

Both Mesopotamia and Egypt grew up in river valleys. An example of Nubian writing and the lion headed war god Image source Swahili civilisation Map showing the location of Swahili civilization in Africa.

Similarities between mesopotamia and egypt religion

Libyan control began to erode as a rival dynasty in the delta arose in Leontopolis , and Kushites threatened from the south. However, these rivers were different. Christian religious books were translated into the Nubian language. The birth of Mesopotamian Civilization began in c. In both societies, the patriarchal leaders were influenced by religion tremendously. Large regions of Egypt were covered in treed savanna and traversed by herds of grazing ungulates. An example of Nubian writing and the lion headed war god Image source Swahili civilisation Map showing the location of Swahili civilization in Africa. Beliefs The triangular shape of the pyramids shows the control of one person over many. He established a new dynasty and, in the New Kingdom that followed, the military became a central priority for the kings, who sought to expand Egypt's borders and attempted to gain mastery of the Near East. The south was effectively controlled by the High Priests of Amun at Thebes , who recognized Smendes in name only. Big shifts in climate led to the change from the nomadic way of life to one of settled farming communities. Kings also made land grants to their mortuary cults and local temples, to ensure that these institutions had the resources to worship the king after his death. The subsequent pharaohs, Tutankhamun , Ay , and Horemheb , worked to erase all mention of Akhenaten's heresy, now known as the Amarna Period. Another natural boundary, the Red Sea, extends roughly parallel to the Nile lies to the East. While the native population certainly continued to speak their language , the ability to read hieroglyphic writing slowly disappeared as the role of the Egyptian temple priests and priestesses diminished.

One could argue that the first civilizations had various similarities, but they also had many differences, that of which made them early civilizations.

The Periplus was written to show the people of Rome that there were many trading opportunities with East Africa.

The third-century BC Egyptian priest Manetho grouped the long line of kings from Menes to his own time into 30 dynasties, a system still used today.

Mesopotamia and egypt comparison chart

Egypt's existence was made possible by the river. This information was useful for writing the history of the Swahili people before Islamic scholars put together their records on the Swahili people. As some within the Aryas tribe light-skinned entered into the Ganges Valley, they encountered a struggle with the Dasas tribe dark-skinned but managed to force the tribe into southern India. A few successful revolts against the Persians marked the 5th century BC, but Egypt was never able to permanently overthrow the Persians. Image source A traveller's handbook, the Periplus, written by a Roman traveller between 40 and 70 A. Unlike the Egyptians and Nubians, the Swahili people did not build a single kingdom or empire to rule all the Swahili people and coastal towns. This sculpture below was for a Nubian Ruler. Swahili civilisation came about through the mixing of the original local people with foreigners with whom they traded, especially the Arabs. Religion was organised by powerful priests. Image source The Swahili civilisation came to an end after the Portuguese conquest in the early s.

The Tigris and Euphrates rivers also rose annually, but were unpredictable and …show more content… Each city state was ruled by a King, who controlled the walled city and its surrounding rural area.

This style was used in mainland Greece and the colonies in southern Italy and Sicily. Egyptian civilization used hieroglyphics, which were sacred carvings. The second wave civilizations, built between B. This style was found in eastern Greece and the islands.

compare and contrast ancient civilizations essay

During this decline, the Canaanite settlers began to assume greater control of the Delta region, eventually coming to power in Egypt as the Hyksos.

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The cradle of civilization (article)