Subjective relativism essays

Thus I will argue for the existence of an objective universal standard of morality independent of human culture.

problems with cultural relativism

Which seems to be stronger in Law and in Humanities and the Social Sciences. There are various ways to actually seek the necessary elements of a good human life. Everyone without exception believes his own native customs, and the religion he was brought up in, to be the best.

The Kantinisen sense of duty is discredited in the same way, on account of everyone's sense of duty being different. This set of principles varies from culture to culture, and it is extremely rare, if not totally impossible, to find a moral principle that is followed by all cultures.

Then how can a society punish a person for not following their moral standards? Moreover, Moody-Adamsamong others, has argued that cultures are not integrated wholes that could determine uni-directionally the beliefs and experiences of their members; they are porous, riddled with inconsistencies and amenable to change.

At the same time, every living individual in the world makes up an umbrella society or community that constructs the present-day society. There will always be exceptions to the rules.

While physical laws are universally accepted, morals are objective depending on where someone lives or who they grew up around. The historicist principle not only organizes, like an invisible hand, the work of the cultural sciences Geisteswissenschaftenbut also permeates everyday thinking.

Cultural relativism and human rights essay

It differentiates me from other cultures, such as Spanish, as they listen to a perceivably different type of music. The Kantian theory, on the other hand, states that a universal sense of duty would most benefit humankind. The community then makes moral judgments based on its specific culture, history and individuality. Bayne and Levy examine and discuss two basic questions. That is what Cultural relativism is based on, the community being able to change their set of morals, how else would that happen if it does not start from the individual level. Exposure to diversity, on the contrary, is the basis for relativism and tolerance; when you are forced to face and accept the Other as real, unavoidable, and ultimately valuable, you cannot help but see yourself and your 'truths' in a new - and trouble - way. Therefore, a Utilitarian would say that the actions taken in both of the scenarios are moral. The theory of cultural relativism explains that there is not a universal right or wrong because morality differs culture by culture. The debate between the scholars and me come from the debate between the two principles of Liberal Universalism and Cultural Relativism.

The key difficulty facing conceptual relativism is that of formulating the position in a coherent but non-trivial manner.

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Cultural Relativism Essay